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Annotated Bibliography

This is a partial bibliography of reviewed articles. As new articles are reviewed the annotated bibliography will be amended.

IQ and Learning

Early Asymptomatic Lead Exposure and Development at School Age
De la Burde B. and Choate ML. (1975) Journal of Pediatrics , 87 (4): 638-42. (abstract)

Impacts of Low-level Lead Exposure on Development of Children
Recent Studies in China, Xiao-Ming Shen, Sheng-Hu Wu, Chong-Huai Yan, Clinica Chimica Acta 313 (2001) 217-220

Early Dentine Lead Levels and Educational Outcomes at 18 years
Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Lynskey MT, (1997) New Zeeland in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry; 38(4): 471-8

Pre and Post- natal Low Level Lead Exposure and Children's Dysfunction in School
Leviton A, Bellinger D, Rabinowitz M, Needleman H, Schoenbaum S. (1993) Env. Research, , Jan., vol.60 (1), p.30-43

Relationship between blood lead concentrations and learning achievement among primary school children in Taiwan
Caho Ling Wang et al Environmental Research Section A 89, 12-18 (2002)

The relationship between blood lead concentrations, intelligence and attainment in a school population: A pilot study
Yule et al, (1981 Develop.Med. Child. Neurol., 23, 567

Hair Lead Levels Related to Children's Classroom Attention Deficit Behavior
Robert Tuthill (1996) Archives of Environmental Health, vol.51, 3: 214

A longitudinal study of dentine lead levels, intelligence, school performance and behavior" Part II dentine lead and cognitive ability
D.M. Fergusson et al. (1988) J. Child Psych. Psychiat. 29:6:793-809

A Longitudinal Study of Dentine Lead Levels, Intelligence, School Performance and Behavior Part.III Dentine lead levels and attention /activity
D.M. Fergusson, J.E. Fergusson, L.J. Horwood and N.G. Kinzett , (1988) Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol.29, 6:811-824

Lifetime Exposure to Environmental Lead and Children's Intelligence at 11-13 years
The Port Pirie Cohort Study, Banghurst P. et al, (1996) BMJ, 312:1569-1575

Low level lead exposure in the prenatal and early preschool periods: intelligence prior to school entry
C. Ernhart, M. Morrow-Tlucak, A. Wolf, D. Super, D. Drotar Neurotoxicology and Teratology, vol.11, pp.161-170

Dentine Lead and Child Intelligence in Taiwan
M. Rabinowitz, WangJung-Der, Soong, W., (1991) Archives of Environmental Health, Nov.-Dec., vol. 46, 6:351-361

Impact of Lead on Behavior and Learning of Children
Dr. Herbert Needleman
URL: http://www.leadpoison.net/studies/impact.htm

Low-level Lead Exposure, Intelligence and Academic Achievement: A Long-Term Follow-up Study
Bellinger, D.C., Stiles, K.M., & Needleman, H.L. (1992). Pediatrics, v. 90,


Behavior, Delinquency, and Crime

How Lead Exposure Relates to Temporal Changes in IQ, Violent Crime and Unwed Pregnancy"
Rick Nevin, (2000) Environmental Research, Section A , 83, 1-22

Pre and Postnatal Lead Exposure and Behavior Problems in School-aged Children
David Bellinger, Alan Leviton, Allred and Rabinowitz (1994) Environmental research, 66, 12-30

Biology and Violence. From Birth to Adulthood
Deborah Denno, University of Pennsylvania, Cambridge University Press 1990 Chapter 4: Biological and environmental predictors of crime

Low Level Lead Exposure and Behavior in Early Childhood
Mendelsohn et al , (1998) Pediatrics, vol.101 No.3

 Bone lead in adjudicated delinquents. A case control study
Needleman HL., McFarland C., Ness RB., Fienberg SE, Tobin MJ.  

 The Relationship Between Lead Exposure and Homicide
Stretesky P., Lynch M. (2001) Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med/vol.155

 The Effect of Lead Exposure on Behavior Problems in Preschool Children
Wasserman GA et al, (1998) Am J. Public Health, vol. 88:12

The Long Term Effects of Exposure to Low Doses of Lead in Childhood
An 11-year Follow-up Report
Needleman, Shell, Bellinger, Leviton, Allred
URL: http://www.leadpoison.net/studies/long-term.htm


Cognitive Impairment

 Prenatal Lead Exposure in a Highly Polluted Area in Kazakhstan: effects on aminolevulinic acid dehydratase
Y. Amitai, T. Orenbayev, S. Almog, A. Dimitriev, M. Tepferberg, L. Vakhlis Research Studies and Findings

 Intellectual Impairment in Children with Blood Lead Concentrations below 10 g per Deciliter
Canfield, R., Henderson, C., Cory-Slechta, D., Cox, C., Jusko, T., & Lanphear, B The New England Journal of Medicine . 348 (16). 1517-1526

 Cognitive deficits associated with blood lead concentrations below 10 m g/dL in US children and adolescents
Bruce P.Lanphear, MD.MPH, Kim Dietrich, PhD, Peggy Auinger, MS, Christopher Cox, PhD in Public Health Reports nov/dec.2000, vol.115

 Lead absorption and psychological function in in Zagreb (Croatia) school children
Danica Prpic-Majic, Jasmika Bobic, Diana Simic, Dennis House, David Otto, Jasna Jurasovic, Alica Pizent Neurotoxicology and teratology, 22 (2000), 347-356

 Neurocognitive Effects of Chronic Lead Intoxication in Andean Children
Allen Counter, Leo Buchanan, Diana Rosas, Fernando Ortega, (1998) Journal of Neurological Sciences 160: 47-53

 Results from the European Multicenter Study on Lead Neurotoxicity in Children: Implications for Risk Assessment
Winneke, Brockhaus, Ewers, Kramer and Manfred, (1990) Neurotoxicology and Teratology , vol.12:553-559

Health Effects of Lead in Children and Adults
Reigart, Needleman, Nag, Maiya, Chatterjee and Parikh

URL: http://www.leadpoison.net/studies/health.htm#TOP


Urban Environment

 Small Area Analysis of Risk for Childhood Lead Poisoning
Mary Jean Brown, Edmond Shenassa, Nancy Tips, April 2001  

 A Minnesota Perspective on Childhood Lead Poisoning
James Nordin Clinical and Health Affairs, November 1992/vol.75

The Contribution of Lead-Contaminated House Dust and Residential Soil to Children's Blood Lead Levels
Lanphear, B.P., Matte, T.D., Rogers, J., Likner, R.P., Dietz, B., Bornschein, R.L. Succop, P., Mahaffey, K.R., Dixon, S., Galke, W., Rabinowitz, M., Farfel, M., Rohde, C., Schwartz, J., Ashley, P., & Jacobs, D.E.
Environmental Research, Sec. A 79, 51-68. The contribution of lead-contaminated house dust and residential soil to children's blood lead levels.

The Impact of Soil Lead Abatement on Urban Children's Blood Lead Levels: Phase 2 Results from the Boston Lead-in-Soil Demonstration Project.
Aschengrau, A., Beiser, A, Bellinger, D., Copenhafer, D., & Weitzman, M.

Environmental Research, 67, 125-148.

Lead-Contaminated Soil Abatement and Urban Children's Blood Lead Levels.
Weitzman, M., Aschengrau, A., Bellinger, D., Jones, R., Hamlin, J., & Beiser, A.

JAMA, Vol. 269, Nos. 13.


Education, Abatement, and Interim Controls

 A Retrospective Examination of In-Home Educational Visits to Reduce Childhood Lead Levels
B. Schultz, D. Pawel, A. Murphy Environmental Research Section A 80

The Paradox of Lead Poisoning Prevention.
Lamphear, B.P. (1998). Science, vol. 281, pp. 1617-1618.

A Controlled Trial of the Effect of HEPA Vacuuming on Childhood Lead Exposure
Hilts, S.R., Hertzman, & Marion, S.A. Canadian Journal of Public Health.

Effects of Interventions on Children's Blood Lead Levels
Hilts, S.R., Bock,S.E., & Oke, T.L. (1998). Environmental Health Perspectives, v.106 no.2, p. 79-83. Effects of interventions on children's blood lead levels.


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